Am I Color Blind? The Basic Facts About Color Blindness

Most of us have heard of color blindness. Maybe we even know someone who is color blind. But how much do we really know about this condition? What does it mean to be color blind? Who is most affected by color blindness? Is it treatable? Are there any cures? Read on for some quick facts about color blindness and what it means.


What are the Basic Facts about Color Blindness?

As stated by the National Eye Institute, “inherited color blindness is caused by abnormal photopigments. These color-detecting molecules are located in cone-shaped cells within the retina, called cone cells. In humans, several genes are needed for the body to make photopigments, and defects in these genes can lead to color blindness.”

Being color blind does not necessarily mean that a person cannot see any colors at all. Rather, the term “color blind” refers to various different vision deficits that affect how we see the world. For example, some people with color blindness have trouble seeing the colors red and green, but can differentiate between other hues. Other people with color blindness struggle to differentiate between any hues at all.

Being unable to see color completely is rare.


Could I Be Suffering from Color Blindness?

Statistically speaking, males are much more likely to have some degree of color blindness than women. This is because the gene that causes color blindness is located on the X chromosome. Since males only have one X chromosome compared to the two that women have, it is more likely for them to suffer from color blindness.


Is There a Cure for Color Blindness?

At this point in time, there is no cure for color blindness. Some glasses and contact lenses exist to enhance hues to help color-blind people differentiate differences in color, but this is not a permanent fix. However, research in this field continues to advance, and it is widely believed in the scientific community that a cure for color blindness is on the horizon.

If you believe you are suffering from color blindness, you are not alone. It is estimated that one in 12 men and one in 200 women suffer from varying degrees of color blindness. The symptoms of color blindness can be managed through corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses, and continuing research may see a full correction in the future.



For additional facts about color blindness or if you are concerned about your vision, visit our website to schedule an appointment or contact one of our eye care centers in Flint, Lapeer, Oxford, Grand Blanc, or Fenton.

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