What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease in which fluid can build up in the front of your eye, increasing pressure and damaging the optic nerve. It is a leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 60 in the United States.

The most common form of glaucoma, called open-angle glaucoma, is when there is undrained fluid in the eye. A less common type is angle-closure glaucoma, in which your iris is close enough to the drainage angle that it partially or completely blocks it.

Although glaucoma is not reversible, it can be managed and controlled. This takes constant dedication to the glaucoma treatment regimen set by our healthcare professionals. By following our collaborative plan, you can keep your glaucoma from worsening so that you won’t have to stop doing the things you love.


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Glaucoma Symptoms

The increased eye pressure and optic nerve damage from glaucoma causes:

Severe pain in the eye or forehead
Redness of the eye
Decreased or blurred vision
Seeing rainbows or halos

You may not even notice these symptoms because of how gradually glaucoma develops over time, which makes it important to schedule yearly comprehensive exams. This is a great way to ensure that you detect this disease early on.

Glaucoma Treatment Options

Glaucoma Eye Drops

MEI can prescribe you the simplest, most common form of glaucoma treatment: eye drops. These will lower your eye pressure so that your vision-essential optic nerve remains intact.

Minimally-Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS)

MIGS is used whenever possible, particularly in the early stages of glaucoma, as it is a less intrusive procedure to alleviate your glaucoma. However, the exact method used will be determined in the customized plan that you and your MEI glaucoma specialist put together.

Through this method, our expert ophthalmologists and optometrists can improve your eye’s natural drainage or decrease eye fluid production depending on where the inherent issue lies. You’ll be back on your feet doing the things you want, whenever you want, in no time after seeing us.

Traditional Glaucoma Surgery

At MEI, traditional glaucoma surgery uses the newest-available shunt technology and is typically utilized during advanced stages of glaucoma. Given the advanced stage of the disease, our physicians can improve your eye’s natural drainage, shunt aqueous fluid out of the eye, or decrease eye fluid production with greater access than allowed for during MIGS.

Although recovery may last between two to four weeks, glaucoma surgery will help you avoid worsening vision in the long term and maintain your lifestyle.


Concerned about how glaucoma can affect your eyes, life, and relationships? Talk to our expert Michigan Eye Institute physicians and learn more about the high-quality resources we have at our disposal to sustain your vision your way.

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